The polysemy phenomenon is the common linguistic phenomenon among various languages,and the difficult part to learn as well.however,to master the rule of the polysemy will help you a lot with language study.Especially in mandarin Chinese,the polysemy is more obvious and common,so during the routine study,it is necessary to understand that.
A word’s meaning can be concluded to represent one kind of realistic object and also related several kinds of realistic objects,so the former one is the monoseme and the latter one is the polysemant.
When the word has been created,it is usually a monoseme.With the process of using it,the word gradually contains the related meanings and it becomes the polysemant.The number of objects which need expressing in the language is always increasing,thus,using one word to express the different meanings without creating new words is very economical and practical.
Derivation of the words depend on the realistic basic and the relation between the original and derived meanings must exist,then,the relation is also the clue to the new meaning,which is connected to the environment,relationship,people’s thinking activities and other things in the language society.
For example,the окно in Russian means the window,and later it develops to represent the ice hole,the sky behind the cloud and the break between lessons,because these things all relate to the window.
A word contains different kinds of meanings,which can help to decrease the number of word characters and each meaning has it own context to distinguish meanings from each other.Therefore,they all reflect language’s economical and concise.
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